Kiev, Ukraine – The Internet as we know today is already of the past, says Ricardo Baretzky.
This week, Facebook’s director Mark Zuckerberg testified before the US Congress because of the largest ever data leakage in the history of the social network. As The New York Times and The Guardian write, nearly 89 million users were taken by the British company Cambridge Analytica, suspected of manipulating public opinion during the US elections and referendum on the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union.
Representatives of Facebook should also address the European Parliament in the coming days. The European Center for Information Policy and Security spoke in favor of strengthening the regulation by the world countries of the Internet and changes in legislation on cyber security. The correspondent of Radio NV met with the president of the organization Ricardo Baretzky and learned that he had made it possible to carry out such a large-scale cyber attack.
Recently, the head of Facebook Mark Zuckerberg testified to the Congress of the United States. It turned out that even if we use a proven social network, we cannot be sure that our personal data will not fall into third hands. After all this became known, what is Europe going to do?
What will be the future actions of the European Union, depends on what the European Commission will decide. I do not represent the organization itself, but if it were so, I would do the following.
First. It must be realized that as we stand, absolutely all information on the Internet has already been hacked, no matter how much the society denied it. It is not only available to third parties, but to all others and more. That is, all the data to date, whether in Ukraine, the European Union, the United States or the United Kingdom, have been hacked for a long time. The problem was that it took two years to move it to the servers.
Facebook is an example. In this situation, we are faced with the problem that international law does not extend to cyber law, which in each country has its own. When such a large-scale data leak occurred, it was immediately sold to the right people. Therefore, the probability that this information was in Russia for a very long time is high. The question is how this can be used to manipulate people in social networks or for political purposes. This is a big problem that we will face in the future. The program of the information protection strategy developed by the European Union did not work. Protecting data late. Can we fix this? No. Can we improve the situation? Yes.
Absolutely all information on the Internet is already hacked.
We cannot consider the law as a method of avoiding liability if you paid a fine. And this is exactly what most laws in the middle European Union are aimed at. You pay, get a receipt, go home and do not go to jail. It is necessary to stop this. It is necessary to develop general laws that ensure their implementation. Not only in the European Union, but also in the US and Kiev.
If we launch a reform, in the traditional understanding of it, associated with cyber war, we will have 29 different laws that will be separate for the EU, separate for the US and Kiev. This is exactly what enables such people as Mark to avoid responsibility.
But there is one factor – more than one billion personal data have been hacked. How to assess damage? How can you assess the damage that has been inflicted on your personal life?
From researches and open sources, we know that if such data leakage occurs, someone in the world bears losses. Little is said about this. Therefore, the world needs a general law on cyber security, which will be clear, literate and will be implemented. And whether the Facebook deal reaches the court – I doubt it.
If, according to your words, the countries’ cyber security legislation is so imperfect, should we expect the same Facebook precedents?
Absolutely. The modern system is not perfect. Will this change? Yes. Or will this change in today’s conditions? No. The Facebook case is too small in scale to somehow change this. But if we want to change this, we need to do it now, because in the next large-scale leak of information there may be data on 468 nuclear power plants operating in the European Union. What happens if this information falls into the wrong hands? That’s where the problems begin.
We must develop accountable legislation, not tax legislation. Modern information-defense laws are not bad, but these laws are aimed at taxes. Pay-and you can go. ” Pay – if you made a mistake. But this should not be so. This is not a function of the law. We need to develop such regulatory mechanisms to avoid such stories in the future.
In the next three years, we will see great changes in the cyber world. The Internet that we know is changing. He reached his peak and began to wane. From this process, something new will come out. This gives us the opportunity to intervene and introduce effective laws. But in Brussels we faced a powerful opposition on this proposal. In this matter, it would be correct to put the rule of law above the police and above the state bodies.
Facebook itself is too big a platform. It can change not only the political vector of the country, but the entire world. And here it becomes dangerous for itself, because there are no mechanisms that would protect it from itself. And this is already a problem and we cannot fix it. Our research shows that the information that was stolen is information 5 years ago. For example, we are friends on Facebook – and this information is open, and it can be exchanged. And Facebook is exchanging with someone. Should this be legal – no! Only you need to have access to your profile and only you can change it. Why this possibility is on Facebook?
If we begin to so rigidly regulate the usual Internet, people can start using the so-called Deepweb. Dark Internet, which no one controls.
It is necessary to understand two things. There is Deepweb – which was invented in the 80’s by the military to preserve its encrypted information, because then the information carriers had very little memory. There is also Darkweb – where all illegal things happen, like the drug trade or arms.
Despite all this, there is one good thing in these networks, which is very important for the future of the Internet. It’s freedom of information on independent platforms. They are not monitored by anyone. We need such a combination! If, for example, Facebook grants you the right to use its platform for free, there must be rules that will not allow it to use your information. The only problem is that now this is not a free service. They allow you to use your platform to sell your information. And there are no mechanisms to prevent them from doing so. If you just close Facebook, it will not solve anything either. Social networks will appear and disappear, and large-scale data leaks will continue, because there are no corresponding legal norms. Your information should belong to you, not conditional Facebook.
We saw what Russia is capable of by manipulating such volumes of data. Who else is potentially capable of this?
The answer I’ll give you is shocking. Even a 12-year-old child is capable of this. All he or she needs is access to millions of e-mail addresses that can be found in Deepweb, and the corresponding software.
The problem is that personal information has become so accessible that everyone can download e-mails and passwords for half the world’s population. You can manipulate public opinion. The fault lies not only in Russia. We had to solve this problem many years ago. Now, to finally solve it, we need to turn off the Internet in the literal sense of this word. But this is impossible. Therefore, we need strict regulations. Yes, someone can lose some of the electronic freedom, someone, on the contrary, will find it. But why do you prefer? Less freedom, but information is safe or more freedom, but your opinion can be manipulated?
This is a rather controversial issue. How do you see the Internet in 5 years?
Shocking. The Internet that we know today is already in the past. Many people will tell you that we are entering the Quart Age. We are already in it, just people did not take part in it. We began to notice such cyber attacks that could not be implemented by one government of the world. The probability of interference of artificial intelligence is very high. You will witness unprecedented changes on the Internet in the next three years. It will be a new form, and it will be everywhere. It will be so accessible that it can damage world security. Governments must act now. Whether the misfortune will happen, it is difficult to predict, but we can seize the initiative. Change yourself the “roots” of the new internet. But we do not have much time.